30 Medical causes have also been associated with masturbation. Different studies have found that masturbation is frequent in humans. Alfred Kinsey's 1950s studies on us population have shown that 92 of men and 62 of women have masturbated during their lifespan. 26 Similar results have been found in a 2007 British national probability survey. It was found that, between individuals aged 16 to 44, 95 of men and 71 of women masturbated at some point in their lives. 73 of men and 37 of women reported masturbating in the four weeks before their interview, while 53 of men and 18 of women reported masturbating in the previous seven days. 34 The merck manual says that 97 of men and 80 of women have masturbated and that, generally speaking, males masturbate more than females.
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It may be used as foreplay, or as an alternative to sexual penetration. When used as an alternative to penile-vaginal penetration, the goal may be to preserve virginity or to avoid risk of pregnancy. 27 28 Mutual masturbation can be practiced in language pairs or groups with or without actually touching another person for example: Non-contact mutual masturbation Two people masturbating in the presence of each other but not touching. Contact mutual masturbation One person touching another person to masturbate. The other person may do the same during or after. Non-contact group More than two people masturbating in the presence of each other in a group but not touching each other. Contact group More than two people physically touching each other to masturbate as a group. Mutual masturbation foreplay the manual stimulation of each other's genitals where the session eventually leads to sexual intercourse. 29 Frequency, age, and sex Frequency of masturbation is determined by many factors,. G., one's resistance to sexual tension, hormone levels influencing sexual arousal, sexual habits, peer influences, health and one's attitude to masturbation formed by culture;. Becker examined the latter.
Some masturbate only using pressure applied to the clitoris without direct contact, for example by pressing the palm or ball of the hand against underwear guaranteed or other clothing. In the 1920s, havelock Ellis reported that turn-of-the-century seamstresses using treadle-operated sewing machines could achieve orgasm by sitting near the edge of their chairs. 24 Women can stimulate themselves sexually by crossing their legs tightly and clenching the muscles in their legs, creating pressure on the genitals. This can potentially be done in public without observers noticing. Thoughts, fantasies, and memories of previous instances of arousal and orgasm can produce sexual excitation. Some women can orgasm spontaneously by force of will alone, although this may not strictly qualify as masturbation as no physical stimulus is involved. 25 26 Mutual masturbation see also: Non-penetrative sex Mutual masturbation involves two or more people who sexually stimulate each other, usually with the hands. It can be practiced by people of any sexual orientation, and can be part of other sexual activity.
23 Masturbation aids such as a business vibrator, dildo, or Ben wa balls can also be used to stimulate the vagina and clitoris. Many women caress their write breasts or stimulate a nipple with the free hand and anal stimulation is also enjoyed by some. Personal lubricant is sometimes used during masturbation, especially when penetration is involved, but this is not universal and many women find their natural lubrication sufficient. Like males, common positions for female masturbation include lying on back or face down, sitting, squatting, kneeling, or standing. In a bath or shower a female may direct water via a handheld showerhead at her clitoris, vulva, and/or perineum. Lying face down one may use the hands, one may straddle a pillow, the corner or edge of the bed, a partner's leg or some scrunched-up clothing and " hump " the vulva and clitoris against. Standing up, a chair, the corner of an item of furniture, or even a washing machine can be used to stimulate the clitoris through the labia and clothing.
22 In a bath or shower a male may direct water via a handheld showerhead at his frenelum, testicles, and/or perineum. Others may also use vibrators and other sexual devices more commonly associated with female masturbation. A few extremely flexible males can reach and stimulate their penis with their tongue or lips, and so perform autofellatio. A somewhat controversial ejaculation control technique is to put pressure on the perineum, about halfway between the scrotum and the anus, just before ejaculating. Citation needed This can, however, redirect semen into the bladder (referred to as retrograde ejaculation ). Female see also: Fingering (sexual act) Female masturbation involves the stroking or rubbing of a woman's vulva, especially her clitoris, with an index or middle fingers, or both. Sometimes one or more fingers may be inserted into the vagina to stroke its frontal wall where the g-spot may be located.
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19 20 Prostate stimulation can produce stronger and more powerful orgasms than penile stimulation. 19 Stimulating the prostate from outside, via pressure on the perineum, can be summary pleasurable as well. Anal masturbation essay without any prostate stimulation, with fingers or otherwise, is also one other technique which some men enjoy. Since the muscles of the anus contract during orgasm, the presence of an object holding the sphincter open can strengthen the sensation of the contractions and intensify orgasm. 21 The practice may be pleasurable because of the large number of nerve endings in the anal area, and because of the added stimulation gained from stretching the anal sphincter muscles while inserting the finger. A good quality personal lubricant is advisable to both increase the pleasurable sensation and aid insertion.
Some people prefer to simply stimulate the outer ring of the anus, while others will follow this by inserting one or more fingers. There are many other variations on male masturbation techniques. Men may also rub or massage the glans, the rim of the glans, and the frenular delta. Some men place both hands directly on their penis during masturbation, while others may use their free hand to fondle their testicles, nipples, or other parts of their body. The nipples are erogenous zones, and vigorous stimulation of them during masturbation usually causes the penis to become erect more quickly than it would otherwise. Some may keep their hand stationary while pumping into it with pelvic thrusts in order to simulate the motions of sexual intercourse. Some may lay in the prone position and rub their genitals against the bed sheet or other surface, a technique called prone masturbation.
For males who have not been circumcised, stimulation of the penis typically comes from the "pumping" of the foreskin, whereby the foreskin is held and slid up and down over the glans, which, depending on foreskin length, is completely or partially covered and then uncovered. The outer foreskin glides smoothly over the inner foreskin. The glans itself may widen and lengthen as the stimulation continues, becoming slightly darker in colour, while the gliding action of the foreskin reduces friction. This technique may also be used by some circumcised men who have sufficient excess skin remaining from their circumcision. For circumcised males, on whom the glans is mostly or completely uncovered, this technique creates more direct contact between the hand and the glans. To avoid friction, irritation and soreness from this resulting friction, some may prefer to use a personal lubricant, masturbation cream, or saliva.
The shaft skin can also be slid back and forth with just the index finger and thumb wrapped around the penis. A variation on this is to place the fingers and thumb on the penis as if playing a flute, and then shuttle them back and forth. Lying face down on a comfortable surface such as a mattress or pillow, the penis can be rubbed against. This technique may include the use of a simulacrum, or artificial vagina. Prostate massage is one other technique used for sexual stimulation, often in order to reach orgasm. The prostate is sometimes referred to as the "male g-spot " or P-spot. 18 Some men can achieve orgasm through stimulation of the prostate gland, by stimulating it using a well-lubricated finger or dildo inserted through the anus into the rectum, and men who report the sensation of prostate stimulation often give descriptions similar to females' accounts.
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16 Rarely, people quit stimulation just before orgasm to retain the heightened energy that normally comes down after orgasm. 17 Male common positions include lying on back or face down, sitting, squatting, kneeling, or standing. The most common masturbation technique among males is to hold the penis with a loose fist and then to move the hand up dates and down the shaft. This type of stimulation is typically all that is required to achieve orgasm and ejaculation. The speed of the hand motion varies throughout the masturbation session. Male masturbation techniques may differ between males who have been circumcised and those who have not. Some techniques which may work for one individual can be difficult or uncomfortable for another.
Reading or viewing pornography, sexual fantasies, or other erotic stimuli may lead to a desire for sexual release such as by masturbation. Some people get sexual pleasure by inserting objects, such as urethral sounds, into the urethra (the tube through which urine and, in men, semen, flows 13 a practice known as urethral play or "sounding". 14 Other objects such as ball point pens and thermometers are sometimes used, although this practice can lead to injury and/or infection. 15 Some people masturbate by using machines that simulate intercourse. Men potter and women may masturbate until they are close to orgasm, stop for a while to reduce excitement, and then resume masturbating. They may repeat this cycle multiple times. This "stop and go" build-up, known as " edging can achieve even stronger orgasms.
"to disturb". 8 9 Terminology While masturbation is the formal word for this practice, many other expressions are in common use. Terms such as playing with yourself, pleasuring oneself and slang such as wanking, 10 jerking off, 11 and frigging are common. Self-abuse and self-pollution 12 were common in early modern times and are still found in modern dictionaries. A large variety of other euphemisms and dysphemisms exist which describe masturbation. For a list of terms, see the entry for masturbate in wiktionary. Techniques Masturbation involves touching, pressing, rubbing, or massaging a person's genital area, either with the fingers or against an object such as a pillow ; inserting fingers or an object into the vagina or anus (see anal masturbation and stimulating the penis or vulva with. It may also involve touching, rubbing, or pinching the nipples or other erogenous zones while masturbating. Both sexes sometimes apply lubricating substances to intensify sensation.
3, masturbation has been depicted in art type since prehistoric times and is mentioned and discussed in very early writings. In the 18th and 19th centuries, some european theologians and physicians described it as "heinous "deplorable and "hideous but during the 20th century these taboos generally declined. There has been an increase in discussion and portrayal of masturbation in art, popular music, television, films, and literature. Today, religions vary in their views of masturbation; some view it as a spiritually detrimental practice, some see it as not spiritually detrimental, and others take a situational view. The legal status of masturbation has also varied through history and masturbation in public is illegal in most countries. 4, in the, western world, masturbation in private or with a partner is generally considered a normal and healthy part of sexual enjoyment. Animal masturbation has been observed in many species, both in the wild and in captivity. Contents, etymology The English word masturbation was introduced in the 18th century, based on the latin verb masturbari, alongside the more technical and slightly earlier onanism.
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For the type biblical origin of the term "onanism see. "Jacking off" redirects here. It is not to be confused with jacking. Masturbation is the sexual stimulation of one's own genitals for sexual arousal or other sexual pleasure, usually to the point of orgasm. 1, the stimulation may involve hands, fingers, everyday objects, sex toys such as vibrators, or combinations of these. 1 2, mutual masturbation (mutual manual stimulation of the genitals between partners) can be a substitute for sexual penetration. Studies have found that masturbation is frequent in humans of both sexes and all ages, although there is variation. Various medical and psychological benefits have been attributed to a healthy attitude toward sexual activity in general and to masturbation in particular. No causal relationship is known between masturbation and any form of mental or physical disorder.